The Rohingya Muslim minority in Burma are the most persecuted ethnic minority in Burma, subject to policies of oppression which are applied almost exclusively to them. Government policies target Rohingya on the basis of their ethnicity and religion. The Rohingya are widely viewed in Burma as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, despite the fact that Rohingya people have lived in Burma for centuries.

Human Rights Abuses

The Rohingya have endured decades of abuse, persecution and discrimination. The repressive 1982 Citizenship Law denies many Rohingya citizenship and underpins legal discrimination against the Rohingya. It means the Rohingya are denied access to education and employment, and face unacceptable restrictions on movement, marriage, and reproduction. 

2012 Crackdown

Many Rohingya children cannot even have their birth registered. Since 2012, there have been two major waves of violence against the Rohingya leading to a downward spiral in conditions for Rohingya. What began as communal violence in June 2012 quickly evolved into widespread and systematic attacks against the Rohingya. Further violence erupted in October 2012. Hundreds of people have been killed and hundreds of thousands of people forced to flee their homes. Human rights abuses reported include killing of Rohingya men, women and children,rape, beheadings, stabbings, beatings, mass arrests and villages and neighbourhoods burned to the ground.

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*** Warning: This report contains distressing scenes including explicit descriptions of sexual violence *** These are the harrowing accounts of villagers of Tula Toli where Rohingya Muslims were massacred – a special investigation by Gabriel Gatehouse, James Clayton and Jack Garland. Newsnight is the BBC’s flagship news and current affairs TV programme – with analysis, debate, exclusives, and robust interviews.

BBC Newsnight Published on Nov 14, 2017

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